Year-to-date to April 30, the Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund generated a total return of -5.01% compared to the MSCI World IMI Core Real Estate Index, which generated a total return of -16.61%. For the month, the Fund generated a total return of 4.37% while the Index generated a total return of 4.69%.
The COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in a full-stop to the global economy in order to prevent the uncontrolled spread of the deadly virus. Recent economic data points have been almost unbelievably bad, with initial US Q1 GDP estimates coming in at -4.8%, non-farm payrolls dropping 20.5 million (implying an unemployment rate of 14.7%) and approximately 33.5 million Americans filing initial unemployment claims. The physical, emotional and financial costs are quickly rising and will likely get even worse for many in the coming months.
Given what we know today, it is unsurprising that the S&P 500 plunged 35% peak to trough in the fastest bear market in history, which is consistent with a sharp but short recession. But despite fears of a worst-case scenario and many investors’ skepticism, the market has now recovered more than 50% of its decline after bouncing from the March 23, 2020 lows. Admittedly, much of the rally has been driven by a few mega-cap tech and healthcare names but in recent weeks even the more cyclical sectors have ripped higher. So how can we reconcile the explosive market recovery versus the abysmal economic data?
Conceptually, we view the dynamics of the recession more like a natural disaster-induced full-stop than a monetary policy-induced slowdown. Therefore, we have been watching three pillars of the response to estimate the duration of the downturn and the probability of a successful restart. As we’ve discussed previously, healthcare, monetary and fiscal policy have now taken a what-ever-it-takes mentality, which has provided a tremendous amount of support to the economy and markets. Importantly, this implies that the economic data and even earnings estimates (current consensus is already calling for more than a 20% decline on a year over year basis) are unlikely to continue to accelerate more meaningfully to the downside. And so, the improvement in the second derivative of various growth metrics and the anticipation of an inflection point have acted as a powerful tailwind behind the recovery rally.
Despite the market rally and some early signs that the worst has past, we are mindful that risk remains elevated and a pullback could happen at any time. The biggest problem that we see today regarding the reopening of the economy is that the United States has “flattened” but not “bent” the curve of active cases. More widespread testing, more effective therapies or treatments and clear progress toward a vaccine will be required before we can hope to return to some form of normality. But once the cumulative number of cases in the US begin to decline, we will become more confident in a sustained economic recovery and, potentially, a sustainable rotation into more cyclical sectors of the market.
Top contributors to the year-to-date performance of the Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund by sub-industry included Specialized REITs (+354 bps), Integrated Telecommunication Services (+30 bps) and Industrial REITs (+24 bps) while top detractors by sub-industry included Office REITs (-348 bps), Residential REITs (-316 bps) and Health Care REITs (-129 bps) on an absolute basis.
On a relative basis, positive return contributions from the Retail REITs, Diversified REITs and Specialized REITs sub-industries were offset by negative contributions from the Residential REITs, Office REITs and Industrial REITs sub-industries.
We are currently overweight Specialized REITs, Industrial REITs and Integrated Telecommunication Services while underweight Retail REITs, Diversified REITs and Diversified Real Estate Activities. We continue to expect divergent sub-industry performance driven by the degree of success with rent collection through the economic shutdown. We are also holding a much larger than normal cash position (approximately 14%) given the difficulty in quantifying the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the economy as the tentative reopening begins.
At the individual security level, top contributors to the year-to-date performance included Equinix (+92 bps), Digital Realty Trust (+91 bps) and Crown Castle (+70 bps). Top detractors year-to-date included Dream Office (-113 bps), Kilroy Realty (-102 bps) and Invitation Homes (-100 bps).
In April, our top performing investments included Cellnex (+47 bps), Canadian Apartment Properties (+37 bps) and Alexandria (+34 bps) while Dream Office (-38 bps), Americold (-34 bps) and Allied Properties (-27 bps) underperformed.
From a stock picking perspective, we are thinking of our investable universe in four buckets. Certain businesses that will never return to prior levels, quality cyclical business that require a return to economic growth, secular growers that have de-rated relative to historic levels and certain businesses that can thrive in the current environment. Our performance through the downturn benefitted greatly from an outsized cash position and an emphasis on buckets three and four, as defined above. But as the economic inflection nears and earnings revisions bottom, we will rely on our investment process to identify more cyclical investment opportunities to add to our portfolios in order to keep pace with the recovery rally.
The Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund was concentrated in 26 positions as at April 30, 2020 with the top 10 holdings accounting for approximately 35.3% of the fund. Over the prior fiscal year, 19 out of our 26 holdings have announced a dividend increase, with an average hike of 9.9%. Using a total real estate approach, we will continue to apply a disciplined investment process, balancing valuation, growth and yield in an effort to generate solid risk-adjusted returns.
Jeffrey Sayer, CFA
1All returns and fund details are a) based on Series F units; b) net of fees; c) annualized if period is greater than one year; d) as at April 30, 2020; e) 2015 annual returns are from 08/04/15 to 12/31/15.
The Fund is generally exposed to the following risks. See the Simplified Prospectus of the Fund for a description of these risks: capital depletion risk, concentration risk, credit risk, currency risk, cybersecurity risk; derivatives risk, emerging markets risk, equity real estate investment trust (REIT) risk, exchange traded funds risk, foreign investment risk, income trust risk, inflation risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, market risk, real estate risk, regulatory risk, series risk, short selling risk, specific issuer risk, tax risk.
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