Much like RRSPs, Flow-Through share investing allows the investor to deduct 100% of the investment against personal income in the year of investment. On termination of the Flow-Through LP, the investment is rolled into a designated mutual fund corporation. The investor may now sell the fund, where their taxable capital gain is limited to 50% of the proceeds.
In combination with the tax deferral achieved by the corporate class roll-over, an investor may also take advantage of any capital loss carry-forwards they have, which can be used to offset their capital gain.
This calculation tool is of a general nature only and is not intended to be, nor should it be construed to be, legal or tax advice to any particular investor, and no representations with respect to the tax consequences to any particular investor are made. There are many aspects of federal and income tax laws which may be relevant to any potential investor. Accordingly, each prospective investor should obtain independent advice from a tax advisor who is knowledgeable in the area of income tax law regarding the income tax considerations applicable to investing in flow-through funds based on the investor’s own particular circumstances.
The income tax considerations applicable to an investor will vary depending on a number of factors, including whether units of flow-through funds are characterized as capital property, the province or territory in which he or she resides, carries on business, or has a permanent establishment, the amount that would be his or her taxable income but for the interest in the flow-through fund, and the legal characterization of the investor as an individual, corporation, trust, or partnership.
Ninepoint Partners LP assumes no responsibility for any losses or damages, whether direct or indirect, which arise out of the use of this information. The information should not be regarded by recipients as a substitute for the exercise of their own judgment or for the advice of legal and tax advisors.
The tax calculator is updated yearly, once the federal government releases new tax rates. The calculator currently utilizes 2019 tax rates.
Provide a tax-assisted investment of Resource Issuer Flow-Through Shares, with a view to achieving capital appreciation and significant tax benefits for Limited Partners.
The Federal Government allows Canadian resource companies that invest in the oil and gas, mining and renewable energy sectors to fully deduct certain exploration expenses, known as Canadian Exploration Expenses (CEE). To raise capital for exploration, those companies often issue flow-through shares and pass along the rights to claim the CEE to the purchasers of those shares. The shareholders are then able to deduct the CEE against their own income.
Flow-through investing is most suitable for investors taxed at the highest marginal tax rates and who can accept the risk of investing in small to mid-size resource companies.
Investors can access the flow-through market by purchasing shares directly or by investing in a flowthrough limited partnership. Flow-through limited partnerships are investment vehicles that add three important benefits to the tax advantages of flow-through investing: 1) professional management, 2) access to a broad range of flow-through issues, 3) diversification.
The risk of investing in smaller resource companies may be reduced when experienced, professional investment managers select a well-diversified portfolio of companies.
Flow-through limited partnerships provide the same tax benefits as investing in flow-through shares directly. The amounts invested are generally fully or almost fully deductible against taxable income in the year the investment is made.
The illustration below shows how flow-through limited partnerships work.
Investors purchase units of a flow-through limited partnership and the net proceeds are used by the limited partnership to purchase the flow-through shares of resource companies. The resource companies relinquish their CEE rights to the limited partnership, which then allocates the CEE to its investors. The investors can then deduct the CEE against their income.
Most flow-through limited partnerships have a life span of one to two years, enough time to allocate most of the tax deductions to investors. The adjusted cost base of the units (ACB) is reduced by the tax deductions and increased by any capital gains from the investments sold within the limited partnership portfolio. Those capital gains are allocated to investors annually.
At termination, the flow-through limited partnership unitholders receive shares of a corporate class mutual fund and the rollover transaction is completed without triggering an immediate tax liability. This allows investors the option to defer their tax liability further, until they redeem the mutual fund.