Year-to-date to February 28, the Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund generated a total return of 7.07% compared to the MSCI World IMI Core Real Estate Index, which generated a total return of 4.61%. For the month, the Fund generated a total return of -1.50% while the Index generated a total return of -2.69%.
Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund - Compounded Returns¹ As of February 28, 2023 (Series F NPP132) | Inception Date: August 5, 2015
|MSCI World IMI Core Real Estate NR (CAD)||-2.7%||4.6%||1.5%||1.0%||-9.6%||-0.4%||3.4%||3.0%|
After a horrible year for investors in 2022, the markets rebounded strongly in January, with the worst performing sectors of 2022 leading (Consumer Discretionary, Communication Services and Technology) and the winners of 2022 lagging (Utilities, Health Care and Consumer Staples). However, in February, the markets reversed some of those gains, particularly in the high beta sectors, and the S&P 500 declined 2.44% on a total return basis. We believe that investors need to be particularly careful about being whipsawed during what could be a volatile but rangebound market over the balance of 2023.
Although short-term narratives are less important than the long-term fundamentals from our perspective, we would point to a few reasons for the pullback in February. First, the calendar Q4 2022 earnings that were released through the month were generally not supportive of the monster rally that had occurred in January. According to FactSet, with 99% of the S&P 500 companies reporting actual results, the quarterly earnings season was “subpar” and fewer companies beat expectations than average. Interestingly, though the blended revenue growth rate for Q4 2022 came in at 5.3%, the blended earnings growth rate came in at -4.6%, the first year-over-year decline since Q3 2020. Margin pressures (driven by the rising cost of raw materials, supply chain inefficiencies, increasing labour costs and other factors) were apparent in the quarter. We expect that Q1 2023 will show the greatest year-over-year decline for the cycle, with less negative results in Q2 2023 before a return to growth in Q3 or Q4 2023.
With the quarterly earnings season essentially complete, the negative earnings revision cycle still seems to be stabilizing. Although the 2023 S&P 500 earnings estimates have declined from a high of $255 to $218 today, the revisions have been decelerating since about mid-December. However, the consensus estimate is now slightly lower than at the end of January and implies negative earnings growth on a year-over-year basis from 2022 to 2023. Given weaker expectations and therefore sentiment, the second reason for the broad market’s disappointing performance in February was a reduction in the forward price to earnings multiple. Recall, that the multiple for the S&P 500 compressed from approximately 21x NTM estimates at the beginning of 2022, bottomed at just 15x NTM estimates in October, rebounded to 19x NTM estimates at the end of January before correcting to 17.5x NTM estimates at the end of February (according to Refinitiv). Clearly, investors are still struggling to find the appropriate price to earnings multiple to use but, importantly, 2024 S&P 500 earnings estimates (currently approximately $230) imply modest earnings growth from 2023 (likely the trough year for the cycle).
The final explanation for the broad market weakness in February was the renewed push higher of the expected Fed Funds terminal rate. Despite inflation peaking in June at 9.1% and steadily trending lower ever since, the deceleration was less dramatic in January (released on February 14), falling to 6.4% compared to 6.5% in December. Unfortunately, the January non-farm payrolls data didn’t really help the “inflation-is-cooling narrative”, with 517,000 jobs created and the unemployment rate remaining at 3.4%. This led the market to reprice the terminal rate for the cycle from perhaps two more hikes of 25 bps each to a range of 5.0% to 5.25% to possibly three more hikes of 25 bps each to a range of 5.25% to 5.50% with a small chance of an additional hike by September. We doubt that the Fed will move beyond the range of 5.25% to 5.50% and, although we don’t expect a pivot to easing monetary policy in 2023, we think that a pause would be supportive for equity valuations enough to fuel the start of a new bull market.
We do believe that in an environment of moderating inflation but slowing growth through 2023, the most important drivers of investment performance will likely be valuation, balance sheet strength and the ability to consistently generate cash flow and earnings. Also, a greater component of total returns will likely come from dividend yields, which meshes nicely with our investment philosophy. In keeping with our mandates, we are concentrating our efforts on free cash flow positive, high quality, dividend growth companies and real asset investments given our positive assessment of the risk/reward outlook over the next two to three years.
Top contributors to the year-to-date performance of the Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund by sub-industry included Industrial REITs (+321 bps), Residential REITs (+178 bps), and Specialized REITs (+109 bps) while top detractors by sub-industry included Health Care REITs (-30 bps) and Hotel & Resort REITs (-18 bps) on an absolute basis.
On a relative basis, positive return contributions from the Industrial REITs (+196 bps), Residential REITs (+107 bps) and Real Estate Services (+88 bps) sub-industries were offset by negative contributions from the Health Care REITs (-68 bps), Hotel & Resort REITs (-39 bps) and Diversified REITs (-18 bps) sub-industries.
We are currently overweight Specialized REITs, Industrial REITs, and Real Estate Services while underweight Real Estate Operating Companies, Diversified REITs, and Diversified Real Estate Activities. With the US Federal Reserve expected to pause interest rate hikes in 2023, we are carefully watching for the negative earnings revision cycle to bottom and unemployment to peak to signal the start of a new equity bull market. We remain focused on high quality REITs that have demonstrated the ability to consistently generate revenue and cash flow growth through the cycle.
The Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund was concentrated in 30 positions as at February 28, 2023 with the top 10 holdings accounting for approximately 37.8% of the fund. Over the prior fiscal year, 18 out of our 30 holdings have announced a dividend increase, with an average hike of 10.8% (median hike of 2.8%). Using a total real estate approach, we will continue to apply a disciplined investment process, balancing valuation, growth and yield in an effort to generate solid risk-adjusted returns.
Jeffrey Sayer, CFA
Effective February 7, 2017 the Sprott Global REIT & Property Equity Fund’s name was changed to Sprott Global Real Estate Fund, subsequently on August 1, 2017 becoming Ninepoint Global Real Estate Fund.
1All returns and fund details are a) based on Series F units; b) net of fees; c) annualized if period is greater than one year; d) as at February 28, 2023; e) 2015 annual returns are from 08/04/15 to 12/31/15. The index is 100% MSCI World IMI Core Real Estate NR (CAD) and is computed by Ninepoint Partners LP based on publicly available index information.
The Fund is generally exposed to the following risks. See the Simplified Prospectus of the Fund for a description of these risks: capital depletion risk, concentration risk, credit risk, currency risk, cybersecurity risk; derivatives risk, emerging markets risk, equity real estate investment trust (REIT) risk, exchange traded funds risk, foreign investment risk, income trust risk, inflation risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, market risk, real estate risk, regulatory risk, series risk, short selling risk, specific issuer risk, tax risk.
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